AZERBAIJAN NATIONAL                 ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
International Conference "Azikh cave and streams of migration in Azerbaijan"
Oct 01, 2018 | 09:34 / Conferences, assemblies
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ANAS Main Building held a conference “Azikh cave and streams of migration in Azerbaijan”, dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the discovery of part of the jaw bone of a primitive man of the family of early hominids - azikhantrop on October 1. The forum brought together about 20 famous scientists in the field of studying the Paleolithic period from England, Russia, Georgia and Ukraine.

First, participants with deep respect honored the memory of the national leader of our people Heydar Aliyev in the Alley of Honors and the outstanding ophthalmologist, academician Zarifa Aliyeva and laid flowers to their graves.

The event began with the sound of the national anthem of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

ANAS Vice-President, academician Isa Habibbeyli opened the conference noted that, Azerbaijanis are representatives of one of the most ancient peoples on the planet and the proof of this is the presence of Azikhantrop in Azikh cave in 1968 by Azerbaijani archaeologist Mammadali Huseynov. In the course of the work, it turned out that Azikhontrop (this was the name of this person) lived here 350-400 thousand years ago, and the jaw belongs to a representative of these people, aged 18-22 years. At the moment, the find is kept in the National Museum of the History of Azerbaijan.

Noting the presence of a large number of material and cultural samples in this multi-layered Paleolithic monument, academician said that as a result, not only archaeologists are working here, but also specialists from other scientific fields, such as paleontologists, paleogeologists, paleoanthropologists, etc.

During the work, it turned out that Azikhontrop (this was the name of this person) lived here 350-400 thousand years ago, and the jaw belongs to a representative of these people, aged 18-22 years. At the moment, the find is kept in the National Museum of the History of Azerbaijan.

Noting the presence of a large number of material and cultural samples in this multi-layered Paleolithic monument, the academician said that as a result, not only archaeologists but also specialists from other scientific fields, such as paleontologists, paleogeologists, paleoanthropologists, etc., were working here.

The distribution area of the Guruchay culture (Azikh cave was introduced into science) covers the areas of Nakhchivan, Mingachevir and Gabala.

Vice-President of ANAS stressed that, since 1993, the territory where the Azikh cave is located under the Armenian occupation and there are regularly conducted illegal research. The Armenians found here are trying, distorting the truth, to “arrogate to themselves” and bring misinformation to the world community. He stressed the need for a scientific analysis of the artifacts found here, and their reporting to a wide scientific audience, as well as the involvement of international scientists participating in this work.

Academician-secretary of the Department of Social Sciences of the ANAS, academician Nargiz Akhundova said that, primitive people were also found here, including samples of their religious beliefs. N.Akhundova stressed that, the results of the Azikh expedition coincided with the period of the USSR, as a result of which its significance and scale did not reach the world community at the proper level.

Noting the political importance of this conference, the academician said that the forum would also play a role in establishing the truth in response to the distorted information related to the Azikh cave, promoted by Armenians.

Director of the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor Maisa Ragimova, director of the National Museum of History of Azerbaijan, academician Naila Velikhanli and Academician Teymur Bunyadov, who spoke at the event, also noted the significance of this forum and the Azikh cave, as well as samples found here. It was noted that, in addition to M.Huseynov, Professor Demir Khadjiev attended in the archeological work and played a significant role. Thousands of material and cultural specimens and the remains found in the cave are kept in the National Museum of History of Azerbaijan called the Azikh collection.

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